The study analysed the responses of over 32,000 participants, aged 18 – 85 years, who completed the BBC’s `Stress Test’
A study by psychologists at the University of Liverpool has found that traumatic life events are the biggest cause of anxiety and depression, but how a person thinks about these events determines the level of stress they experience.
Researchers from the University’s Institute of Psychology, Health and Society analysed the responses of over 32,000 participants, aged 18 – 85 years, who completed the BBC’s `Stress Test’, an online survey to explore the causes and consequences of stress.
‘Thinking style’ as much a factor
The study – the biggest of its kind in the UK – found that traumatic life events were the single biggest determinant of anxiety and depression followed by a family history of mental illness and income and education levels. Relationship status and social factors made smaller – but still significant –contributions to stress. However, the results revealed that a person’s thinking style was as much a factor in the level of anxiety and depression a person experienced.
The `Stress Test’, which was launched on BBC Radio 4’s `All in The Mind’ and available on the BBC website to complete, asked participants a range of questions about their family history of mental health problems, life events, income and education levels, relationship status and social circumstances.
Professor Peter Kinderman, Head of the Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, lead the research. He said: “Depression and anxiety are not simple conditions and there is no single cause. We wanted to find out more about what caused people to suffer from anxiety and depression and why some people suffered more than others.
“Whilst we know that a person’s genetics and life circumstances contribute to mental health problems, the results from this study showed that traumatic life events are the main reason people suffer from anxiety and depression. However, the way a person thinks about, and deals with, stressful events is as much an indicator of the level of stress and anxiety they feel.
Leading cause of disability
“Whilst we can’t change a person’s family history or their life experiences, it is possible to help a person to change the way they think and to teach them positive coping strategies that can mitigate and reduce stress levels.”
Mental health problems affect one person in every four, making it the leading cause of disability. Its direct cost to England alone is estimated at £41.8 billion per annum but the wider costs to in terms of the economy, benefits, lost productivity at work, amounts to more than £70billion per year.
The research, in collaboration with the Universities of Manchester and Edinburgh, is published in PLOS One
You must be logged in to post a comment.
All recent news
Update: Access to your Graduation Portal
University spin-out acquired by US Exam Software Company
Develop LCR community business leadership programme, says Heseltine Institute
Win two Everton football tickets
World TB Day: It’s time for action to end this global injustice
Catch our Head of Music - and leading #jazz expert - Prof @CTackley talking Black Music in Europe: A Hidden History for @BBCRadio4 on Wednesday, Thursday and Friday this week, at 9am and repeated at 9.30pm > https://t.co/TWvQZDYAz0
The stats are in: Key findings from the @livuniheseltine 'Growth, sustainability & purpose in community business market in the Liverpool City Region.' #LCRcommunitybusiness @LiverpoolLEP #CommunityBusiness #Liverpool Find the full report https://t.co/CvUFpZvQrQ
'Community businesses not just trying to trade each day; they're consistently focusing on social & cultural inclusion. It's a real challenge but it's so important.'
Alan Southern from @livuniheseltine #LCRcommunitybusiness @LiverpoolLEP